Why Does Democracy Use Majority Rule
Supermajority rules are often used in binary decisions where a positive decision is more important than a negative one. According to the standard definition of special majority voting, a positive decision is only taken if a substantial part of the votes support that decision – for example, two-thirds or three-quarters. [ref. needed] For example, U.S. jury decisions require the help of at least 10 out of 12 jurors, or even unanimous help. This concept of supermajority flows directly from the presumption of innocence on which the American legal system is based. Rousseau advocated the use of majority voting in important decisions, saying, „The more important and serious the deliberations, the closer the opinion that supports should be to unanimity.“  Since a majority can win a majority vote, it has generally been argued that majority rule can lead to „[the tyranny of the majority].“ Supermajority rules, such as the three-fifths supermajority rule, which is necessary to stop a filibuster in the U.S. Senate, have been proposed as preventative measures to address this problem. Other experts argue that this solution is questionable.
The supermajority rules do not guarantee that it is a minority protected by the qualified majority rule; They only claim that one of the two alternatives is the status quo and prefer it to be overthrown by a simple majority. To use the example of the U.S. Senate, if a majority votes against Clotture, then the filibuster will continue, even if a minority supports it. Anthony McGann argues that if there are multiple minorities and one of them is protected (or privileged) by the supermajority rule, there is no guarantee that the protected minority is not already privileged, and if nothing else, it will be the one that will have the privilege of being aligned with the status quo.  The majority rule is a decision rule that selects majority alternatives, i.e. more than half of the votes. This is the most commonly used binary decision-making rule in influential decision-making bodies, including all legislators in democratic nations. In Pakistan (1947-71), democracy was seen as the rule of the majority (Bengali speaker) against the Punjabi oligarchy. Some argue that deliberative democracy thrives under majority rule. They argue that under majority rule, participants must always convince at least more than half of the group, while under supermajority rules, participants may only have to convince a minority.  Moreover, proponents argue that cycling gives participants an interest in compromise, rather than making an effort to pass resolutions that have only the bare minimum to „win.“  Theoretically, each citizen has one vote at the ballot box.
But the principle of majority rule means that some voices are not heard. At various points in our history, the lack of minority representation in government allowed the majority to abuse minority rights: after being released from prison, he took his case to the Supreme Court, which ruled that segregation could occur as long as it applied to all of equal standards. Based on the lowest scores on the democracy index (meaning they are furthest from full democracy), the top five hybrid regimes are Nigeria (4.1), Côte d`Ivoire (4.11), Lebanon (4.16), Kyrgyzstan (4.21) and Haiti (4.22). The top five authoritarian regimes are North Korea (1.08), DR Congo (1.13), Central African Republic (1.32), Syria (1.43), and Chad (1.55). It can be seen in these countries that not only are the rights of minorities not protected, but even majority rule is not respected. Majority rule is a means of organizing government and deciding public affairs; This is not another path to oppression. Just as no self-proclaimed group has the right to oppress others, no majority, even in a democracy, should deprive a minority or individual of fundamental rights and freedoms. As Rae argued and Taylor proved in 1969, majority rule is the rule that maximizes the likelihood that the questions for which a voter votes will be adopted and the questions that a voter will vote against will fail.  In representative democracy, representatives are elected by the people responsible for implementing good governance.