Where in the World Is Gender Selection Legal
This method of determining sex depends on the division of sperm carrying X and Y chromosomes, using the slight differences in weight as the direction. Isolated sperm are used to fertilize the egg in vitro or in vivo (e.g. through planned impregnation techniques). The first child conceived from human sperm sorted with the X chromosome was born in 1995 to a family that mediated hydrocephalus disease, which is linked to X. In 2004, 419 adolescents were conceived in the United States using the sperm separation technique. 76% of children who used Y-enriched sperm were boys and 91% of children who used X-enriched sperm were women. In the United States, where sex selection by sperm separation is only possible for clinical or family reasons, 90% of couples used this technique for family adjustment reasons and 80% of these couples wanted girls. The United States is one of the few countries in the world that still legally allows PGD for prenatal sex selection. The method was developed in the early 1990s to screen embryos for chromosome-related diseases. It is illegal for non-medical use in Canada, the United Kingdom and Australia. We learned that sex selection is complex, can be achieved through a small number of procedures, and is sometimes regulated by laws and/or regulatory guidelines.
It is offered by treatment providers and requested by patients for many reasons, and is rejected by individuals, religions, and entire societies (and we haven`t really entered into this reasoning) for complicated moral and ethical considerations. So what do fertility experts say? Daniel Potter, medical director of the Huntington Reproductive Center, wrote more than 1,000 posts for in-gender.com, answering questions from forum members about the procedure and its cost. He held in-person and telephone consultations with forum members, including Megan Simpson. In 2011, he even launched a personal website where he describes himself as a „gender selection expert.“ Much of the evidence that Americans prefer to vote for girls is anecdotal, as no major body follows sex selection processes. But Google data shows that „how to have a girl“ is searched for three times more often in the U.S. than „how to have a boy.“ Many fertility doctors claim that girls are the target of 80% of patients who choose their gender. A 2009 study published by the online journal Reproductive Biomedicine Online found that Caucasian Americans prefer women by PGD 70% of the time. Those of Indian or Chinese origin mainly choose boys. Sex selection is the attempt to control the sex of the offspring in order to achieve the desired gender. It can be done in several ways, both before and after the implantation of an embryo, as well as at birth. It was marketed under the title Family Balancing. The use of PGD for sex selection or PGS (Preimplantation Genetic Selection) is prohibited in the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada, except for medical reasons.
Their position regarding this technique is that it is justified as long as it is in the best interests of the child to be born with a certain sex. China and India are two other countries where sex selection is illegal. Sex selection is illegal in many countries. Of the 36 countries that have gender selection guidelines, none of them clearly allow it. Five countries ban the process altogether and another 31 countries ban it for non-medical reasons. Currently, about 50 sex selection centers in the United States use the Ericsson method for artificial sex selection.  Post-conceptual selection through preimplantation genetic testing (PGD) also involves the preferential use of embryos, and abortion for sex selection also raises many ethical questions in the abortion debate. Many of our IVF patients opt for genetic testing to ensure that they transfer the most viable embryos to give them a greater chance of pregnancy success. Therefore, they can learn the sex of their embryos to have the opportunity to create the family they envision. Two main types of preimplantation methods can be used for social sex selection. Both are based on the active representation of the second sex chromosome as a Y chromosome (resulting in a male chromosome) or an X chromosome (resulting in a female chromosome).  Steinberg patients who have chosen their sex are generally about 30 years old, educated, married, middle to upper class.
They usually already have a few children, unlike the women in his waiting room who undergo in vitro fertilization and hope to have a child. The choice of gender intersects with many ethical, legal and social concerns and debates. A major moral problem is that sex selection for non-clinical reasons contributes to gender segregation, particularly with regard to women. Although the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) supports sex selection for medical reasons, it does not actively promote its use for non-medical reasons and encourages individual clinics to clearly develop and promote their specific services for couples who wish to access such care. The deal is estimated at about $150 million last year, according to a Hong Kong agent who organizes such selection packages. Demand is growing by about 20 percent a year, some Thai providers told Reuters, as the number of clinics is increasing to meet it. Sex selection is a controversial topic around the world. There can be two main reasons for this process: medical and non-medical reasons. PGD technology can also be used to determine the sex of the embryo before transfer to the uterus.
Sex selection is offered to couples who are interested in family balance and already have at least one child. Ukraine is one of the few countries where PGD is legally allowed for sex selection. This is a great advantage of the country and one of the reasons for Ukraine`s growing popularity for fertility treatments. It is recommended to choose a safe country where the cost is cheaper at the same time. Iran can be mentioned as a great option in terms of quality facilities and affordable prices. Our experts at TebMedTourism Co. can help you get an accurate result on the sex selection process. SYDNEY/BANGKOK, July 16 (Reuters) – The 26-year-old with a young girl, a Hong Kong mother and her husband wanted a second child. To make sure it would be a boy, they paid $9,000 and flew to Thailand, the last place in Asia where sex selection treatment is available and no laws are broken. In addition to the ethical concerns mentioned, demographic issues arise in societies where social sex selection is common. A society may have a widespread bias against children of a particular sex, either because of cultural biases or economic concerns (for example, male children may be more employable in the future and therefore provide greater financial support).
Combined with frequent social sex selection, this bias can lead to a gender imbalance that has undesirable consequences. This phenomenon has been observed in many Far Eastern countries, such as India and China, where social gender selection has led to abnormally high male/female ratios in the population. Couples in these regions use reproductive techniques to choose the sex of their children, which ultimately leads to a distortion of the human sex ratio towards a disproportionate male population.  Sex selection has also been observed in several Eastern European countries such as Albania or Azerbaijan.   A 2012 UNFPA report estimated that the total gender gap due to prenatal and postnatal discrimination is 117 million women.  The gender imbalance in China is further exacerbated by the one-child policy, although it only applies to most urban populations. In these countries, the lack of marriage opportunities for many men would lead to an increase in crime, the demand for prostitution, mass emigration and the sale of wives.   We will select chromosomally normal euploid embryos of the highest quality for future transfer and storage. For expectant parents who want a baby of a certain sex, we select suitable high-quality embryos when available. The IVF/PGD technique is preferred to the Ericsson method because of the stricter control of the sex of offspring in the laboratory. Since only embryos of the desired sex are transferred to the mother, IVF/PGD avoids the low probability of an unwanted sperm fertilizing the egg in the Ericsson method. Sex selection success rates for IVF/PGD are very high.
The technique is recommended for couples who do not accept a child of the unwanted sex.   Source: ESHRE Task Force on Ethics and Law 20: Sex selection for non-medical reasons In standard IVF practice, a woman`s eggs are collected and fertilized before being returned to the womb. IVF for sex selection only implants embryos of the desired sex, a practice that is usually avoided due to concerns that couples make a decision about the right to life based on gender.